The following information was found using the link http://classes.yale.edu/film-analysis/htmfiles/mise-en-scene.htm
“The intensity, direction, and quality of lighting have a profound effect on the way an image is perceived. Light affects the way colors are rendered, both in terms of hue and depth, and can focus attention on particular elements of the composition. Much like movement in the cinema, the history of lighting technology is intrinsically linked to the history of film style. Most mainstream films rely on the three-point lighting style, and its genre variations. Other films, for example documentaries and realist cinema, rely on natural light to create a sense of authenticity.”
The following information was largely found using links off http://www.ehow.com/list_7264714_cinematic-lighting-techniques.html. Another site that provided some advise in set up and types of lighting is http://www.apnphotographyschool.com/lighting/.
Hard lighting is most commonly associated with Film Noir, for the shadows are clearly defined by this lighting. The shadows in the genre are often used to represent the psychological turmoil between good and evil.
This lighting can be used to help present a character or situation in a more positively to an audience through softening shadows and creating a more diffuse illumination.
Frontal lighting is used to rid the subject of shadows, creating a rather flat, poster effect. It is more commonly used in Comedy-Romances during ‘happy’ scenes to reduce the chance of tension being seen by the audience caused by shadows.
Frontal vs. Side Lighting taken from http://photoinf.com/General/NAVY/Basic_lighting_techniques-_Outdoor_and_Existing_ligt_photography.htm.
The effect being that the side lighting allows viewer to see the cracks in the bricks, and the image appears more 3D than when using frontal lighting.
Side Lighting is used to create shadows to one half of a subject by highlighting the other. When used on a face the nose mouth and cheekbones are highlighted.
This lighting is used to create a greater sense of depth between the subject and their surroundings. When used it can create a sense of disorientation or displacement.
Under lighting is essentially where the subject is lit by a light beneath them. This lighting is typically used in the Horror genre due to harsh shadows and highlights created on the subjects face.
Image from Matt’s 2nd photo-shoot on 04.03.2015
Fill lighting is used to soften shadows created by key lighting. When combined with back lighting the lighting can create the effect of a dark subject on a darker background.
This lighting is where a subject is silhouetted against a bright light source, often a window or a lamp. This can be used to introduce a new character to an audience, or to create a sense of mystery or tension.
- Low-Key lighting is similar to hard lighting, however it is a little more gradual, through employing the use of a reflector or fill lighting
- High-Key lighting
The majority of the protagonist shots will be held indoors in a garage setting, so to balance out the tungsten light (ceiling garage light) and make the shots more high-key, we could use a flood light for key-light; or depending on the ambient lighting and noise levels of the street we could open the garage door instead.
For outdoor shots we would likely only rely on the ambient light. If the ambient light causes too much contrast on the cast, however, we would need to consider using a soft key light.
The antagonists (government men) and occasionally the protagonists to give them depth, will require more contrast than the other lighting plans. This can be created by using a stronger flood-light for the back-light than the key-light, as shown in the diagram below.